Sober Optimism And The Formation Of International Environmental Agreements

“The book is very well organized and all the case studies… are interesting and well written. [It] offers a rounded summary for anyone interested in international environmental policy… He manages to [make the text accessible to students] quite elegant.¬†International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. “This text provides an easy-to-understand introduction to international environmental agreements. [It] is an important contribution to our understanding of policies related to the creation of an international environmental consensus” – International Law Reporters We analyze a dynamic model of international environmental agreements (IAAs) in which countries cannot make long-term commitments or apply sanctions or rewards to promote cooperation. Countries can communicate with each other to develop endogenous beliefs about the unintended consequences of the (re) opening of negotiations. If countries are patient, it is possible to reach an effective agreement after a number of ineffective short-term agreements. This ultimate success requires “optimism”: an understanding that cooperation is possible, but not easy to achieve. Negotiation is important because convictions are important. Our results help to explain heterogeneous results and also provide a counterweight to prevailing pessimistic views on the outlook for IEAs.

An empirical application illustrates the importance of sober optimism in mitigating the problem of climate change and shows how reducing the fragmentation of global policies facilitates persuasive coordination, which supports a good balance. Part One Introduction 1. An international environmental policy is taking shape in Part II Air Pollution 2. Long-distance transport of air pollutants in Europe 3. International Ozone Policy 4. International Climate Cooperation Part III Ocean Management 5. Maritime Act 6. North Sea pollution control 7.

Fishing Policy Part IV Nature and Biodiversity Protection 8th Convention on Biological Diversity 9. Planting contract 10. International Forestry Policy Part V Conclusions 11. Ideals and Practices in International Environmental Policy By examining fundamental environmental protection policies and issues, this text provides an easy-to-understand introduction to international environmental agreements and discusses issues in three areas: air, water and land. It traces the history of agreements in broad areas related to long-distance air pollution, ozone depletion and greenhouse gases, sea management, biodiversity, biodiversity, biodiversity and forest maintenance. With the help of experts from their respective specialties, this book provides an informative analysis of successes and failures, as well as an analysis of the reasons. This volume, which concludes with an informative study of research to show how to improve the performance of agreements in the future, is an essential contribution to our understanding of policies related to building international environmental consensus.

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