The Framework Agreement as a cornerstone of relations with the EU In February 2014, a federal popular initiative “against mass immigration”, Swiss voters narrowly approved measures to restrict the free movement of foreign nationals to Switzerland. The European Commission said it needed to examine the impact of the result on EU-Swiss relations.  Due to Switzerland`s refusal to grant the free movement of people to Croatia, the EU has only accepted Switzerland`s access to the Erasmus programme for student mobility as a `partner country`, as opposed to a `partner country`, and the EU has frozen negotiations on access to the EU electricity market. On 4 March 2016, Switzerland and the EU signed a treaty extending the agreement on the free movement of persons in Croatia, which led to the full readmission of Switzerland to Horizon 2020, a European financial framework for research and development.  The treaty was ratified on 26 April by the National Council provided that a solution was found for the implementation of the 2014 referendum.  The contract was adopted in December 2016.  This allowed Switzerland to return to Horizon 2020 on 1 January 2017. “Only when we have these details will we be able to see what the next steps will be. I think what is very clear, as the president`s tweet indicates, is that we need rapid progress and the signing of this framework agreement,” he added.
Switzerland has close relations with the EU not only economically, but also politically and culturally. In total, more than 120 bilateral agreements allow Switzerland access to the EU internal market and allow Switzerland to be linked to the EU in a similar sectoral way. On 22 December 2016, Switzerland and the EU reached an agreement under which a new Swiss law (in response to the referendum) would require Swiss employers to hire job seekers (Swiss nationals or not registered in Swiss employment agencies) while observing the free movement of EU citizens to Switzerland so that they can work there.  Negotiations between Switzerland and the European Union (EU) for an institutional framework agreement (only Germany) aimed at establishing a more sustainable basis for bilateral relations between Switzerland and the EU and paving the way for further market access agreements have become bogged down in recent months. In the summer of 2019, the EU reacted with the withdrawal of Swiss stock market equivalence. For the Swiss financial centre and other economicly important sectors, it is very important that an agreement between Switzerland and the EU be concluded next year. – in view of the judicial cooperation agreement between Switzerland and Eurojust, signed on 27 November 2008 and which came into force on 22 July 2011, recalling the Council`s decision of 6 May 2014 on the approval of negotiations for a EU-Swiss agreement establishing an institutional framework for bilateral relations and the opening of negotiations on 22 May 2014 “European Security Policy” : Institutional Agreement, Federal Directorate for European Affairs The Federal Council has not yet been able to sign the negotiated agreement, and the European Commission has already responded with retaliatory measures.