The accused, Donald Fowler, was a former broker who was charged with excessive trafficking to generate commissions at the expense of his clients. The SEC opened its investigation in early 2014. As part of the investigation, Fowler signed two toll agreements that brought the statute of limitations into effect between March 2016 and February 2017. The complaint was filed by the SEC in January 2017. The Manhattan court ruled in favour of the SEC and ordered Fowler to remove commissions and commissions of $132,076, as well as a civil fine of $15,000 for each of the 13 clients Fowler had cheated on (for a total of $1,950,000). It should be noted, for this comparison, that the doctrine of “appropriate means” provides for some limited exceptions to the two-year limitation period, which essentially apply even when an agreement is not registered. In fact, in accordance with Section 5 (1)a) (iv), the clock may be postponed, if the applicant is not yet aware that a judicial proceeding would be an appropriate means of redressing the damage: the district court order authorizing a summary judgment for the defence was made on (1) the choice of law, (2) the express conditions of the toll agreement and (3) the application of the California Discovery Rule and doctrine of fraudulent non-place. It was decided that a fair toll would apply primarily where the applicant is actively misled by the defendant about the remedy, or is exceptionally prevented from asserting his rights. It is also important that the fair toll doctrine does not require fault on the part of the defendant, such as fraud or misrepresentation.
 In Michigan, the applicant must exercise the necessary diligence to invoke a fair toll. If the applicant has sufficient information for the appropriate defendant to be identified and served, the applicant cannot apply for the statute of limitations since he has not received the necessary information in a timely manner.  Under the Ontario Securities Act, there is generally a six-year limitation period for staff to initiate enforcement proceedings. The legislation does not explicitly authorize toll agreements and its impact on regulatory issues under the Securities Act is not clear without such a provision.